Precious metals like platinum, silver and gold are the most desirable options for creating a fine piece of jewelry. Also, there are alternatives like stainless steel and titanium that are also popular in the jewelry market. Here are a few of the most popular types of metal for jewelry:
The most common type of metal for jewelry is sterling silver which is based on 7.5% copper and 92.5% silver. It is a long-lasting and durable metal that is practical for many different things, including body jewelry, belt buckles, cuff links, bracelets, necklaces and rings. However, this type of metal is a lot softer than alternatives like titanium, platinum and gold. Also, this metal can discolor over time if not well-maintained and needs a lot more ongoing attention compared to other precious metals.
Gold is one of the most popular metals for items of jewelry. Most of the gold jewelry is made using an alloy of gold with a blend of other metals like zinc, nickel, copper and silver. Gold jewelry is measured in carats to indicate the amount of gold included. The higher the concentration of gold in the piece of jewelry, the more costly the item will be. The highest content of gold is 24 carats, but this is too soft for making jewelry. A gold content of 14 carats is more practical for jewelry because it is easier to work with and stronger. Also, the other types of metals added to the gold will have an impact on the color of the finished item. For instance, the white gold is based on extra metals like silver, nickel and palladium, while rose gold will include a high amount of copper.
The base metal category includes metals like titanium, brass, copper, nickel and iron. They are quite easy to source and at greater risk of corroding or oxidizing over a relatively short time-frame. The brass and copper metals are a useful choice for making the hammered disc pendants.
Platinum is the most expensive and rarest of the precious metals. The hard-wearing nature of this metal means it will not tarnish and is incredibly durable. Its melting point is a high 3216.2 ° Fahrenheit and a popular choice for high-end pieces like wedding rings. Also, this metal can be mixed with cobalt and copper to improve on its all-round characteristics.
Titanium is classed as the strongest natural metal in the world. In fact, it is three times stronger than steel and resistant to scratches. It is naturally lightweight to make it a great choice for jewelry, and is also relatively easy to color.